What is a garden without flowers? A few fresh blooms along the garden path or on the kitchen table brighten our days and help to lure the pollinators that ensure our gardens are fruitful all season long.
Annuals are flowers that bloom and go to seed in the same year. With the exception of those that self-sow (re-seed on their own in the garden bed), these last only one year. Saving seeds from annual flowers is a great way to ensure you have them around every year.
Annual, up to 1’. Spreading groundcover with grey-green leaves and sweet-scented white flowers. Enjoys full sun with some afternoon shade and tolerates dry soils. Cut plants back in mid-summer for fresh blooms in the fall.
50 days. Clusters of tiny white flowers 8-16″ tall that dance in the breeze. Alyssum is in the same plant family as broccoli and kale (brassica) and the flowers are edible!
Annual. Calendula’s resinous leaves and flowers can be used to make salves. The flowers are edible and make a bright addition to salads. The beautiful c-shaped seeds of calendula are also easy to collect and can be saved for planting next season. Some may self-seed on their own.
55 days. Minty green foliage topped with loads of orange and yellow blooms.
Calendula, Pink surprise
55 days. Orange ruffled blooms with salmon pink centers. Unique blooms that contrast beautifully with blues and greens in the garden.
Annual, up to 4-5’. Cosmos are excellent cut flowers and perform nicely in the back border of flower beds or interspersed in the vegetable garden. Space seedlings 9-12” apart and pinch back the central stalk to promote more branching. Cut when first flower on a branch is just opening. Remove spent blossoms to promote continuous blooms. Prefers well-drained soil and full sun.
Cosmos, Sensation mix
75 days. A beautiful mix of magenta, purple, and white blooms.
Annual. Space plants 12” apart. Remove spent blossoms to encourage continuous blooms. Pinch back to create a bushier plant (cut back the central stem to about 3/4 height when plant is well-established in the garden but not yet blooming, ~12” tall). Flowers are edible, just remove the green from the base of the blossom because it can be bitter. Flowers can also be preserved by hanging upside down in a dry room. Save the seeds at the end of the summer for next year’s garden.
60 days. Tall plants produce prolific bright yellow and orange blossoms with some creamy yellow blooms that fill the garden from mid-summer through fall. Up to 4′.
Marigold, Orange Hawaii
60 days. Beautiful bright orange blooms can grow to as big as 5″ wide! They can also grow up to 3′ tall.
Marigold, Savannah sun
60 days. Bright orange blooms, ideal for cut flowers. Pom-pom shape on 3′ tall stems.
Marigold, Spun orange
60 days. Wow, we are so excited for these flowers. They are shorter than our other varieties (up to 2′ tall), and have striking curved petals swirling around the outside. Bright orange.
Annual, up to 6’! A farm favorite. These bodacious plants love the heat and produce hundreds of bright orange 3” blooms from mid-summer to frost. They are excellent along a fence or the back edge of a garden. They can also be planted in the middle of the garden to provide some shade to heat sensitive plants grown in the summer like fennel or lettuces. On cool dewy mornings in fall we often find bumble bees sleeping on the blossoms.
Mexican sunflower, Red Torch
90 days. Bright red blossoms on 4-6″ stems. Plants are fuzzy and can grow quite tall.
Annual, up to 1’, 2’ spreading. The leaves, flowers, and green seed pods of nasturtiums are all edible and add a peppery punch to salads and omelets. The flowers are especially stunning arranged atop a summer cake or ringed around a berry pie with ice cream. Plants are sprawling and can be hand-trellised, though they do not have tendrils to climb on their own. Thrive in well-drained soil and full sun, but will also tolerate some afternoon shade.
Nasturtium, Jewel mix
65 days. Beautiful blend of red, orange, yellow, and creamy white flowers.
Nasturtium, Orchid cream
65 days. Creamy yellow blooms with bright red splashes. Very elegant.
Annual, up to 6″. Low growing and heat & drought tolerant. Also called moss rose. Perfect for planting in containers and rock gardens.
Portulaca, Double flowered mix
65 days. A bright assortment of double flowers in yellow, orange, pink, and white.
Annual, up to 2′. An everlasting dried flower that can work equally well in a vase. Cut stems and hang upside down to dry when almost all of the flowers are open. Also called wavyleaf sea lavender. Full sun and well-drained soil.
Statice, Pacific Mix
110 days. Papery blooms in rich tones of yellow, magenta, white, purple, and rose.
Annual, up to 3′. Another welcome addition to the everlasting flower crew. These blooms are standout in the garden as well as in the vase. Cut when double blooms are not quite fully open and hang upside down in a well-ventilated space to preserve.
Big double blooms in shades of pink, cream, white, and rose on strong stems. Harvest before the double blooms are fully open for best results when drying.
Sunflowers are the highlight of the summer garden. Plant in full sun with well-drained soil. Space plants 12-24” apart.
Sunflower, Giant primrose
90 days. These queens of the garden can grow up to 10 feet tall with bright yellow flowers and brown centers. Multiple flower heads per stalk.
Sunflower, Gold ring
70 days. These little sunflowers are less than 2′ tall and have 3-4″ blooms. Beautiful and novel in the front of a garden beds where most other sunflowers could not go.
Sunflower, Moulin rouge
65 days. Dark red sunflowers with deep brown centers. Grow to about 3′ with 3-6″ blooms.
Sunflower, Orange sun
75 days. 4-5′ plants with fuzzy double blooms. Similar to Teddy Bear but a little taller.
95 days. Classic sunflower with bright orange petals and deep brown centers. Sturdy stems with lots of branches and blooms. Excellent cut flower.
Sunflower, Teddy bear
75 days. Pretty much the most adorable sunflower. Fluffy deep orange petals form a bushy mane around small green centers. The blooms are 4-5” across and plants only grow to half the height of standard sunflowers. Makes an excellent cut flower. Plant in full sun with well-drained soil. Space plants 8-12” apart.
Sunflower, Velvet queen
100 days. Velvety red blooms with yellow edges and dark brown centers. 5′ tall with blooms 5-6″ across.
Annual, up to 4′. Zinnias produce more blooms with sturdier stems if pinched back a few weeks after transplanting. When the plants are 8-12” tall, snip the top 3-4” of the plant, above a set of leaves or branches. Space plants 9-12” apart in full to filtered sunlight and well-drained soil.
Zinnia, Redman cactus
90 days. Bright red blooms with curvy cactus-blossom petals.
Perennials are plants that will continue to bloom for many years after they are planted. They store energy in their roots, bulbs, or tubers and re-emerge each spring.
Echinacea, Purple coneflower
Perennial, up to 2’. 90 days. A well-loved native to Ohio. Long purple petals hang from large copper-colored cones. The blooms attract a wide variety of pollinators and the seed heads bring in songbirds. Used medicinally to boost immune function. Blooms summer through fall, sometimes with a second bloom if first blossoms are removed early. Enjoys full to partial sun, and is well-adapted to heat and drought. Space plants at least 12” apart, divide clumps every 2-3 years.
Hollyhock, Majorette Double Champagne
Tender perennial, sometimes treated like an annual in Ohio, up to 3’. 90 days. A compact variety with beautiful creamy champagne-colored double blooms. Enjoys full sun. Slightly rough foliage grows tall with lots of blooms; plant along fences or the back edge of the garden.
Oriental poppy, Princess Victoria
Perennial, 2’. 60 days. Warm salmon-pink petals with black centers. Poppies prefer moist, well-drained soil and full or filtered sunlight. Oriental poppies have ferny foliage covered in lots of resinous hairs. A single plant can send up multiple nodding blooms over several weeks. If flowers are left to go to seed they can self-sow in the garden. To use poppies as a cut flower you must sear or boil the bottom of the stem first to keep from wilting in water.
Yarrow, Colorado Mix
Perennial, up to 2’. 90 days. Found throughout much of the United States in prairies, field edges, and old pastures. Ferny grey-green leaves have a spicy sage aroma and are topped by a cluster of tiny flowers comprising a larger flat-topped flower head. Colorado Mix blooms in shades of peach, cream, rose, salmon, and white. Flowers from mid-summer to early fall. Yarrow has been used medicinally as a poultice on wounds and as a digestive aid. Spreads modestly through divisions. Love full sun and dry soil.
Yellow Prairie Coneflower
Perennial, up to 3’. 90 days. Native to the prairies of Ohio. Long drooping yellow petals surround a tall brown central cone on slender 3’ stalks. It’s common name “Mexican Hat” comes from it’s resemblance to a tall sombrero. Loves full sun and is unfazed by heat and drought. Space plants 12-18” apart.